Trade Crimes

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), Commercial Fraud Programs Unit, in close cooperation with U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), investigates commercial fraud, including false statements and deceptive business practices. HSI's commercial fraud programs unit, which is led by the National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center (IPR Center), prioritizes health and safety violations, U.S. economic interests, and duty collection.

Fact Sheets

Antidumping Countervailing Duty Fact Sheet

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), Commercial Fraud Unit manages HSI’s Antidumping and Countervailing Duty (AD/CVD) program, which provides oversight and guidance on HSI investigations involving schemes to evade the payment of duties imposed by the United States Government on certain imports. AD/CVD help level the playing field to assist domestic producers in competing against foreign exporters that are engaged in, or benefiting from, the practice of dumping and/or foreign government subsidies.

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Commercial Fraud Fact Sheet

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), in close cooperation with U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), investigates commercial fraud, including false statements and deceptive business practices. HSI's National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center (IPR Center) focuses and prioritizes protecting U.S. economic interests, national security and the health and safety of our nation’s people.

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Drawback Program Fact Sheet

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), Trade Enforcement Unit manages the drawback program for all HSI drawback investigations. HSI focuses on importers and any individuals submitting false statements to U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) to obtain improper drawback refunds.

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Environmental Crimes Program Fact Sheet

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) Commercial Fraud Unit (CFU) manages the environmental crimes program. This program involves investigations of the importation and exportation of endangered and non-native detrimental species; unapproved or non-compliant automobiles, machinery and other equipment; environmentally hazardous materials and chemicals; and prohibited and contaminated animal or vegetable food products and seafood fraud.

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Force Labor Program Fact Sheet

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) Forced Labor Program coordinates investigations into allegations of forced child labor and forced labor relating either to the manufacturing or production of goods overseas that are exported to the United States, or, labor here in the United States that results from coercion, debt bondage/indentured labor, or other non- voluntary means of forcing an individual to provide work or a service.

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Free Trade Agreements Fact Sheet

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), Commercial Fraud Unit ) manages HSI’s Free Trade Agreements (FTA) program, which provides oversight and guidance on HSI investigations involving individuals and companies engaging in violations of the rules of FTAs and trade preference programs.

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General Fraud Program Fact Sheet

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), Trade Enforcement Unit manages the general fraud program for all HSI general fraud investigations. HSI conducts general fraud investigations focusing on violations of laws or regulations pertaining to the importation of merchandise by means of false or fraudulent documents, statements, and/or practices.

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In-Bond Diversion Program

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), Trade Enforcement Unit manages the in-bond diversion program for all HSI in-bond investigations. HSI conducts in-bond investigations to prosecute individuals and corporations responsible for the illegal entry of merchandise into the commerce of the United States through the exploitation of the in-bond process. HSI in-bond diversion investigations and programs also target violations related to foreign trade zones and bonded warehouses.

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Operation Joint Venture Fact Sheet

The National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center’s (IPR Center) Outreach and Training Section engages in partnerships with the public and private sectors to combat Intellectual Property (IP) theft through its Operation Joint Venture (Joint Venture) initiative. This IPR Center-led outreach initiative is designed to increase information sharing with public and private sectors to combat the illegal importation and distribution of counterfeit, substandard and tainted goods. Joint Venture targets rights holders, manufacturers, importers, customs brokers, freight forwarders, bonded facilities, carriers and others to discuss the IPR Center’s priorities of protecting public health and safety, the economy, and securing the Government’s supply chain. Through outreach and public engagement, the Outreach and Training Section raises the public’s awareness of the dangers of trade based violations, such as IP, while serving as a public point of contact for investigative leads.

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Textile Program Fact Sheet

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), Trade Enforcement Unit manages the textile program. The textile program focuses on investigations of criminal and civil violations of customs laws relating to textiles importations. The violations are executed through a variety of fraudulent schemes and practices including false invoicing, false claims of country of origin, false markings/labeling, misclassification, false description, and smuggling.

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Tobacco Smuggling Fact Sheet

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), Commercial Fraud Unit manages the tobacco smuggling program. HSI’s illicit tobacco program coordinates case development, develops leads and assists investigations and interdictions of tobacco smuggling. The program monitors, coordinates, and provides guidance to HSI, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), U.S. Attorneys’ offices, foreign, state, and local law enforcement agencies on international smuggling matters. The program also provides training and reference material to investigators and HSI works with CBP; Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF); Food and Drug Administration (FDA); and Treasury’s Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB), as well as private industry, to address legal and policy issues related to tobacco smuggling.

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Trade Fraud Tip Sheet

How Private Industry Can Avoid Falling Victim to Trade Violations

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Wildlife Trafficking Fact Sheet

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) Commercial Fraud Unit overseas the wildlife trafficking program for the agency.

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