Fact Sheets

The National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center’s (IPR Center) fact sheets.

Antidumping Countervailing Duty Fact Sheet

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), Commercial Fraud Unit manages HSI’s Antidumping and Countervailing Duty (AD/CVD) program, which provides oversight and guidance on HSI investigations involving schemes to evade the payment of duties imposed by the United States Government on certain imports. AD/CVD help level the playing field to assist domestic producers in competing against foreign exporters that are engaged in, or benefiting from, the practice of dumping and/or foreign government subsidies.


Commercial Fraud Fact Sheet

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), in close cooperation with U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), investigates commercial fraud, including false statements and deceptive business practices. HSI's National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center (IPR Center) focuses and prioritizes protecting U.S. economic interests, national security and the health and safety of our nation’s people.


Drawback Program Fact Sheet

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), Trade Enforcement Unit manages the drawback program for all HSI drawback investigations. HSI focuses on importers and any individuals submitting false statements to U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) to obtain improper drawback refunds.


Environmental Crimes Program Fact Sheet

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) Commercial Fraud Unit (CFU) manages the environmental crimes program. This program involves investigations of the importation and exportation of endangered and non-native detrimental species; unapproved or non-compliant automobiles, machinery and other equipment; environmentally hazardous materials and chemicals; and prohibited and contaminated animal or vegetable food products and seafood fraud.


Forced Labor Program Fact Sheet

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) Forced Labor Program coordinates investigations into allegations of forced child labor and forced labor relating either to the manufacturing or production of goods overseas that are exported to the United States, or, labor here in the United States that results from coercion, debt bondage/indentured labor, or other non- voluntary means of forcing an individual to provide work or a service.


Free Trade Agreements Fact Sheet

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), Commercial Fraud Unit ) manages HSI’s Free Trade Agreements (FTA) program, which provides oversight and guidance on HSI investigations involving individuals and companies engaging in violations of the rules of FTAs and trade preference programs.


General Fraud Program Fact Sheet

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), Trade Enforcement Unit manages the general fraud program for all HSI general fraud investigations. HSI conducts general fraud investigations focusing on violations of laws or regulations pertaining to the importation of merchandise by means of false or fraudulent documents, statements, and/or practices.


IPR Center Fact Sheet

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Homeland Security Investigations’ (HSI) National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center (IPR Center) stands at the forefront of the United States government's response to global intellectual property (IP) theft and enforcement of its international trade laws.


IPU IPRIS Fact Sheet

The IPR Intelligence Section (IPRIS) coordinates directly with the 23 agency partners of the IPR Center to compile information and strategically share the information in such a way as to create the strongest impact. IPRIS de-conflicts incoming leads from multiple sources, to include partner agencies, industry and the public. IPRIS also provides intelligence support to Immigration and Customs Enforcement Homeland Security Investigations field offices and IPRC program managers in the form of lead production and evaluation to facilitate investigations. In addition, IPRIS works closely with private industry to identify viable targets for both criminal and civil actions.


National IPR Center Fact Sheet

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) led National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center (IPR Center) stands at the forefront of the United States Government's response to global intellectual property (IP) theft and enforcement of its international trade laws. The mission of the IPR Center is to ensure national security by protecting the public's health and safety, the U.S. economy, and our war fighters, and to stop predatory and unfair trade practices that threaten the global economy. To accomplish this goal, the IPR Center brings together 23 partner agencies, consisting of 19 key federal agencies, INTERPOL, Europol and the governments of Canada and Mexico in a task-force setting. The task force structure enables the IPR Center to effectively leverage the resources, skills, and authorities of each partner and provide a comprehensive response to IP theft. The IPR Center is led by an ICE-HSI Director with Deputy Directors from HSI, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP).


Operation Joint Venture Fact Sheet

The National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center’s (IPR Center) Outreach and Training Section engages in partnerships with the public and private sectors to combat Intellectual Property (IP) theft through its Operation Joint Venture (Joint Venture) initiative. This IPR Center-led outreach initiative is designed to increase information sharing with public and private sectors to combat the illegal importation and distribution of counterfeit, substandard and tainted goods. Joint Venture targets rights holders, manufacturers, importers, customs brokers, freight forwarders, bonded facilities, carriers and others to discuss the IPR Center’s priorities of protecting public health and safety, the economy, and securing the Government’s supply chain. Through outreach and public engagement, the Outreach and Training Section raises the public’s awareness of the dangers of trade based violations, such as IP, while serving as a public point of contact for investigative leads.


Textile Program Fact Sheet

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), Trade Enforcement Unit manages the textile program. The textile program focuses on investigations of criminal and civil violations of customs laws relating to textiles importations. The violations are executed through a variety of fraudulent schemes and practices including false invoicing, false claims of country of origin, false markings/labeling, misclassification, false description, and smuggling.


Tobacco Smuggling Fact Sheet

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), Commercial Fraud Unit manages the tobacco smuggling program. HSI’s illicit tobacco program coordinates case development, develops leads and assists investigations and interdictions of tobacco smuggling. The program monitors, coordinates, and provides guidance to HSI, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), U.S. Attorneys’ offices, foreign, state, and local law enforcement agencies on international smuggling matters. The program also provides training and reference material to investigators and HSI works with CBP; Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF); Food and Drug Administration (FDA); and Treasury’s Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB), as well as private industry, to address legal and policy issues related to tobacco smuggling.


Trade Enforcement Coordination Centers Fact Sheet

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) and U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) formed the Trade Enforcement Coordination Centers (TECC) to integrate and co-locate commercial fraud enforcement efforts. The TECC was established to disrupt criminal organizations engaged in commercial fraud by enhancing coordination, increasing direct communication, and unifying efforts to identify and combat trade fraud and intellectual property crime. Through the TECC model, CBP and ICE HSI proactively identify, interdict, and investigate inbound cargo that violates U.S. Customs laws and related laws and regulations. The TECCs promote interagency collaboration, information and resource sharing, and efficient communication to enhance the trade enforcement mission of the member agencies.


Wildlife Trafficking Fact Sheet

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) Commercial Fraud Unit overseas the wildlife trafficking program for the agency.


Trade Fraud Tip Sheet

How Private Industry Can Avoid Falling Victim to Trade Violations


In-Bond Diversion Program

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), Trade Enforcement Unit manages the in-bond diversion program for all HSI in-bond investigations. HSI conducts in-bond investigations to prosecute individuals and corporations responsible for the illegal entry of merchandise into the commerce of the United States through the exploitation of the in-bond process. HSI in-bond diversion investigations and programs also target violations related to foreign trade zones and bonded warehouses.


IPU E-Commerce

In 2017, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), as the lead agency of the National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center (IPR Center), initiated its E- Commerce Initiative to combat the growing issue of the sale and distribution of counterfeit and dangerous goods on the internet through online sales platforms, illicit websites, social media and the Dark Web. This initiative includes Business-to-Business (B2B), Business-to-Consumer (B2C), and Consumer-to-Consumer (C2C) platforms.


IPU Operation APOTHECARY

The National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center (IPR Center) is leading the government’s response to intellectual property theft, a crime that leads to lost revenue for American industry, a loss of American jobs, and often poses a threat to public health and safety. Operation Apothecary (Apothecary) is an IPR Center initiative targeting the smuggling or illegal importation of unapproved, counterfeit, or adulterated pharmaceuticals entering the United States via international mail facilities (IMFs), express courier hubs (ECHs), and land borders.


IPU Operation Chain Reaction

The National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center (IPR Center) is leading the government’s response to intellectual property theft (IP theft), a crime that costs American industries lost revenue and jobs every year. Operation Chain Reaction (OCR) is a comprehensive initiative that targets counterfeit goods entering the supply chains of the Department of Defense (DOD) and other U.S. Government agencies.


IPU Operation Engine Newity

The National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center (IPR Center), manages Operation Engine Newity, in conjunction with Immigratin and Customs Enforcement Homeland Security Investigations, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and other law enforcement agencies who collaborate to counter the threat of counterfeit automotive, aerospace, rail, and heavy industry related components that are illegally imported and distributed throughout the United States.


IPU Operation Guardian

The National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center (IPR Center), managed by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), is leading the government's response to intellectual property theft (IP theft), a crime that costs American industries lost revenue and jobs every year. Operation Guardian is the IPR Center’s multi-agency umbrella program designed to combat the importation and trafficking of substandard, tainted and counterfeit products that pose a health and safety risk to consumers. Among the IPR Center’s Operations that fall under the umbrella of Operation Guardian are Operation Engine Newity, Operation Apothecary, Operation Plastic Beauty, Operation Chain Reaction, Operation Surge Protector and Operation In Our Sites.


IPU Operation Plastic Beauty

The National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center (IPR Center) is leading the government’s response to intellectual property theft, a crime that leads to lost revenue for American industry, a loss of American jobs, and often poses a threat to public health and safety. Operation Plastic Beauty (Plastic Beauty) is an IPR Center initiative targeting the smuggling or illegal importation of unapproved, counterfeit, or adulterated personal healthcare and beauty products entering the United States via international mail facilities, express courier hubs, and land borders.


IPU Operation Surge Protector

The National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center (IPR Center) initiated Operation Surge Protector in December 2016 to target the sale and trafficking of counterfeit consumer electronics and technology products. From personal electronics such as headphones to smartphones and related accessories like power adapters and charging cords and devices, consumers are unknowingly at increasing risk of bringing home dangerous devices which pose health and safety risks to the public.


IPU Operation Team Player

The National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center (IPR Center) initiated Operation Team Player in June 2013 to target the sale and trafficking of counterfeit sports merchandise, apparel and tickets. Because this is a multi-million dollar criminal industry, the trafficking of these items is extremely lucrative and becomes more profitable in markets involving successful and popular teams. The culmination of a sports season involving playoffs and championship games are events that stimulate the sale of counterfeit items.


Operation In Our Sites

Operation In Our Sites specifically targets websites and their operators that distribute counterfeit and pirated items over the Internet, including counterfeit pharmaceuticals and pirated movies, television shows, music, software, electronics and other merchandise, as well as products that threaten public health and safety.


Operation Pangea Fact Sheet

Operation Pangea was organized to target the advertisement, sale and supply of counterfeit and illicit medicines and medical devices that threaten worldwide public health and safety.


Customs and Border Protection (CBP) Intellectual Property (IP) Fact Sheet

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) enforces Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), most visibly by seizing products that infringe IPR such as trade- marks, copyrights, and patents.


FBI Intellectual Property (IP) Protection Sheet

Domestic and foreign companies may try to illegally acquire your company's information. Foreign nations that seek to improve their economies and militaries target US technology companies.


Forced Labor Program Fact Sheet (CREOLE)

Forced Labor Program Fact Sheet (CREOLE translation)